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This Pharmacy Guide serves the students in the Wegmans School of Pharmacy and all Fisher students, faculty and staff that are researching topics in pharmacology or pharmaceutical sciences.

NLM Style: Official Title "Citing Medicine"

NLM is the official citation style for the Wegman's School of Pharmacy. 

Citing PrePrints

NLM Style - Note about Authors

The Citing Medicine Manual has several comments about how many authors to list in a citation. Officially NLM asks for all authors to be listed, and citations automatically generated from PubMed follow this rule.  However, there are other acceptable options.

Chapter 1 Journals, Box 9 Options for Author Names.  

If space is a consideration, the number of authors may be limited to a specific number, such as the first three authors or first six authors. Follow the last named author by a comma and "et al." or "and others."

Rastan S, Hough T, Kierman A, et al.

Adler DG, Baron TH, Davila RE, Egan J, Hirota WK, Leighton JA, and others.

Citing Drug Monographs & EBP Resources

These templates have been created by Lavery Library at St. John Fisher University in order to address citations for drug monographs and evidence-based practice source entries.  They have been approved by the Wegman's School of Pharmacy for use. 


Omeprazole. [updated 2016 Dec 9; cited 2016 Dec 20]. In: Lexi-Drugs. Lexicomp Online [Internet]. Available from  

Omeprazole. [updated 2017 Mar 8; cited 2017 Mar 9]. In: Pediatric and Neonatal Lexi-Drugs. LexiComp Online [Internet]. Available from 

Diabetes mellitus and pregnancy. [updated 2016 Apr 25; cited 2017 Jan 13]. In: Lexi-Drugs [Internet]. Lexicomp Online. Available from

* The updated date is available next to the entry name on the result list in italics. 

Omeprazole and Tylenol. [cited 2020 Nov 13]. In: Interactions.  LexiComp Online [Internet]. Available from http:/


With no author:
Omeprazole.[updated 2017 Jan 6; cited 2017 Jan 13]. In: DynaMed Plus [Internet]. Available from 

With author: Use Topic Editor(s) as Author(s).
Chisholm A, Siegal Peiser B. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). [updated 2016 Oct 20; cited 2017 Jan 13]. In: DynaMed Plus [Internet]. Available from


With no Author:
Omeprazole: Drug information. [cited 2017 Mar 8]. In: UpToDate [Internet]. Available from

With Author:
Coustan DR. Gestational diabetes mellitus: Glycemic control and maternal prognosis. [updated 2017 Feb 20; cited 2017 Mar 8].  In: UpToDate [Internet].  Available from 


Omeprazole. [updated 2017 Jan 11; cited 2017 Jan 13]. In: Micromedex Solutions [Internet]. Available from
* Scroll to the end of the Full Text entry in order to find the updated date or after the references.  

Citations on Presentation Slides

NLM does not have specific directions on how to cite your references on each slide of a presentation. Please check with your professors on their specific requirements. Continue to use NLM for the full references at the end of the presentation.

Other options include a concise citation on each slide and a full reference at the end of the presentation.  See examples below. 


Author, Year, Page(s)

DiPiro, 2017, Chapter 32


Author, Journal. Year;Volume(Issue):Page(s)

Betses M et al. NEJM. 2013;369:989-991

Additional Citation Templates

Cancelled Conferences

Chapter 3: Conference Publications, Part B, Conference Papers - Examples of Citations: New example at 16.

Paper for a Cancelled Conference:

Joubert, D. J. (2020, May 10-15). Best Practices for Dealing with Biomedical Data [Conference session canceled]. 12th Annual Congress of Data Scientist, Paris, France.

Chapter 12: Papers and Poster Sessions Presented at Meetings, Examples of Citations: New example at 18.

Paper/Poster for a Cancelled Conference:

Joubert, D. J. (2020, May 10-15). Best Practices for Dealing with Biomedical Data [Conference session canceled]. 12th Annual Congress of Data Scientist, Paris, France.

Package Inserts

Tasimelteon [package insert]. Washington, DC: VANDA Pharmaceuticals Inc.; 2014. 

Stiolto Respimat [package insert]. Ridgefield, CT: Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc; 2015. Accessed January 3, 2019. tion/PIs/Stiolto%20Respimat/stiolto.pdf

(As evidenced by current publications in Journal of Pharmacy Practice).

Book Chapter. Authors are different from editors. 

These are considered Contributions to a book in NLM Style.  Access Pharmacy titles would follow this pattern.

11. Contributed chapter with an optional chapter number instead of pagination

Simon D, Boring JR 3rd. Sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value. In: Walker HK, Hall WD, Hurst JW, editors. Clinical methods: the history, physical, and laboratory examinations. Stoneham (MA): Butterworth Publishers; c1990. Chapter 6. 

Whiteside TL, Heberman RB. Effectors of immunity and rationale for immunotherapy. In: Kufe DW, Pollock RE, Weichselbaum RR, Bast RC Jr, Gansler TS, Holland JF, Frei E 3rd, editors. Cancer medicine 6. 6th ed. Hamilton (ON): BC Decker Inc; 2003. Chapter 14.